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Iringa Region | General information

Iringa Region | General information

Iringa region makes up one of the 31 administrative settlements in Tanzania. The regional headquarters is located in Iringa city. The 2019 estimate of the Iringa population is 1,122,100. In terms of agriculture, the region is ranked first in the country, while it is ranked second in terms of gross domestic product.

Tanzania’s second-largest game reserve, the Ruaha Game Reserve, is located in Iringa Region. The game reserve boasts of the highest concentration of animals. Ally Hapi is the current Regional Commissioner of Iringa.


Iringa Region covers a total area of ​​35,743 square kilometers which amounts to 13,800 square miles. Njombe and Mbeya border it to the west, Dodoma and Singida to the north, and Morogoro to the east. Great Ruaha river and Little Ruaha rivers are located in the region. The other significant body of water found in the region is a lake that resulted from the Mtera dam.


The region can be split into three divisions – the highlands, the central highlands, and the lowlands. Located in the eastern zone, the highlands experience a rainy season from November to May. The area records an average annual rainfall of between 500-1,500 mm (20-59 inches). Iringa weather is a cold and dry climate from June to September. Found in the center of the region, the central highlands are located at sea level 1,200-1,600 m (3,900-5,200 feet) and experience between 600-1,000 mm of rainfall (24-39 inches) annually. Lastly, lowlands, at 900-1,200 m (3,000-3,900 feet) above sea level, experience between 500-600 mm (20-24 inches) of rainfall annually.

Forest covers up to 16% of the Iringa Region. Famous for its over 400 bird species and many elephants, the Ruaha Game Reserve is found in the region.

Located in Iringa Rural District, the Udzungwa Mountains Park is the other park in the region. However, it is not quite as popular as the Ruaha Game Reserve.


Iringa Region’s population stands at 941,240.

The largest indigenous tribe inhabiting the region is known as the Hehe tribe. The Bena and the Kinga are the two other major tribes in the region. Settler tribes like the Chagga, the Nyakyusa, and the Ngoni inhabit the city and are mainly involved in trading. Animal rearing is practiced by the Maasai, the Barbaig, and the Sukuma. Compared to other regions in Tanzania, the population growth rate in the Iringa region is low. The main reason for the low growth is the constant relocation of people from the region to cities like Dar es Salaam.

Iringa Region Gorvanance

Administratively, the region has three districts, Iringa, Kilolo, and Mufindi. Each district has local governments under its control. The table below presents the population statistics of the three district councils, one city council, and a municipality.  

Iringa District

Iringa region covers an area of 35,503 km². The region is comparable in size to the combined land area of the nation state of Guinea Bissau. Iringa Region is bordered to the east by Morogoro Region and south by Njombe.

Kilolo District

Kilolo is one of the four districts of the Iringa Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the north and east by the Morogoro Region, to the south by Mufindi District and to the west by the Iringa Rural District.

Kilolo District

Mufindi District is one of the four districts of the Iringa Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the north by Kilolo District and Iringa Urban District, to the south by the Njombe Region, to the east by the Morogoro Region.

Mafinga District

Mafinga is a large town in central Tanzania, situated about 45 miles south of the city of Iringa. The population of the town is close to 52,000 people, most of those are employed in services and small agricultural businesses.

Iringa Municipality

Iringa Municipal is the administrative designation of the Municipality of Iringa. It has been one of the coldest regions in Tanzania but that has attracted a lot of tourists from colder regions abroad.

Njombe - Before 2021

Njombe Region is one of the 31 administrative regions of Tanzania. It was established in March 2012, from the Iringa Region as an independent region. The region's capital is Njombe town..


Of Tanzania’s 31 regions, only four regions rank higher than Iringa in terms of GDP. In 2012, Iringa’s total of TSH 1,400,000 made it second only to the Region of Dar es Salaam – which includes the countries capital – in terms of per capita GDP.


The economy of Iringa is anchored on agriculture; it accounts for 85% of the region’s output. In the period between the years 2008 and 2011, food crops were planted on an average of 345,000 hectares of land. Of this figure, 245,000 hectares were dedicated to planting maize, the region’s most widely grown grain. With a total area of 56,000 hectares cultivated, beans come second to maize. Commercial crops occupy approximately 56,000 hectares, with sunflowers being the main crop. 


Iringa Municipality is home to most of Iringa region’s industries. These industries are mostly small-scale.

Tomato processing industries, pepper processing industries, dairy processing, and grain processing industries are the major food industries in the Iringa region.

The industrial scene in the Iringa region is also dominated by woodwork and oil processing industries.